The excellent news is, should you discover something uncommon about your urine, a physician can do a fast urinalysis to assist be taught what’s happening. “Urinalysis is a noninvasive two-minute take a look at that almost all medical doctors have of their workplace,” Rifkin says. “So should you’re involved that you simply’re excreting one thing irregular, that’s a very easy take a look at to get achieved rapidly.”
Listed here are some widespread modifications to search for, and what they may imply.
1. Brown or darkish amber urine
In case your urine is brown or darkish amber, that’s usually an indication of significant dehydration, says Petar Bajic, M.D., a urologist on the Middle for Males’s Well being on the Cleveland Clinic. Whenever you’re low on fluid, the waste merchandise in your urine are extra concentrated, making it darker. (It would additionally doubtless have a stronger odor.)
Together with not ingesting sufficient fluids, you’re liable to dehydration if in case you have a fever, if in case you have been vomiting or experiencing diarrhea, or should you’ve been sweating. You also needs to look ahead to dehydration should you’re caring for a member of the family with dementia.
In case you suspect dehydration, growing your water consumption for just a few hours is often sufficient to rehydrate you, Bajic says.
If ingesting extra fluid doesn’t lighten the colour of your move, you must make an appointment to see a physician. Darkish-colored urine will also be brought on by liver problems akin to hepatitis or cirrhosis.
2. Clear or colorless urine
In case your urine is colorless, you could be ingesting an excessive amount of water, Bajic says. Clear urine is OK sometimes, however constantly overhydrating could cause electrolyte abnormalities and imbalances in your bloodstream, he says.
“For most individuals, we recommend ingesting to thirst, about eight glasses of water per day,” he says. “You don’t want greater than that except you’ve a powerful historical past of kidney stone formation.”
Diuretics, or water drugs, can even make your urine colorless as a result of they pressure extra water out of your physique. In case your urine is obvious and also you’re not on a water capsule or ingesting plenty of water, it might sign an underlying kidney drawback or presumably diabetes.
3. Purple or pink urine
A couple of meals and medicines could cause your move to look pink or pink, together with beets, blueberries or rhubarb. But when your urine seems to be pink or pink and also you haven’t eaten these meals or began a brand new treatment lately, you will have blood in your urine — a symptom that needs to be checked out, Rifkin says. “It’s by no means regular to have blood in your urine,” she notes.
Bloody urine might look pink-tinged or pink like ketchup, relying how a lot blood is combined in. A reddish move generally is a signal of kidney illness, a kidney stone, a urinary tract infection, prostate issues or, in uncommon instances, most cancers.
4. A foul or uncommon odor
Some meals and medicines change the best way your urine smells. The obvious instance is asparagus, which causes a definite however innocent stink. Coffee, brussels sprouts, garlic and onions can even make your urine odor, Bajic says.
A foul odor will also be brought on by a urinary tract an infection. UTIs usually include different signs, together with burning or ache with urination and frequent urination. Your well being care supplier can diagnose a UTI rapidly with a easy urine take a look at. Most infections clear up rapidly with antibiotics.
In case your urine smells candy, which may be an indication that you’ve got diabetes or that your blood sugar (glucose) is just too excessive, Bajic says. Your physique eliminates further sugar by passing it into urine, inflicting an odor that some describe as fruity.
5. Cloudy or murky urine
Regular urine is a clear yellow. If it seems to be cloudy, that’s usually one other signal of a UTI, Rifken says. Cloudy or milky urine will also be a symptom of diabetes that’s poorly managed, a bacterial an infection or kidney issues, together with kidney stones.
6. Foaming urine
In case you’re a person who urinates whereas standing, it’s regular to see just a few bubbles. However “actually frothy urine that leaves foam on prime of the bathroom bowl may be signal of excessive ranges of protein in urine,” Rifken says.
That may be an early warning signal of kidney disease, particularly if it’s accompanied by such different signs as nausea, muscle cramps, extra frequent urination, or swelling within the palms, ft, stomach or face.
7. Vivid or neon-yellow urine
Urine that appears nearly fluorescent yellow is often innocent and is doubtless brought on by nutritional vitamins and dietary supplements, significantly should you take one with vitamin B, Bajic says.
8. Blue or inexperienced urine
Urine that appears inexperienced or blue is uncommon and is often as a result of synthetic colours in meals or medication, or dyes used for some kidney and bladder operate assessments. There are well being circumstances that may trigger your urine to have a inexperienced or blue tinge, specifically a genetic illness known as hypercalcemia and sure micro organism that may infect your urinary tract, however each are uncommon, Bajic says.
Michelle Crouch is a contributing author who has coated well being and private finance for a few of the nation’s prime client publications. Her work has appeared in Reader’s Digest, Actual Easy, Prevention, The Washington Publish and The New York Instances.